The recent rapid urban population growth and relative lack of attention to urban poverty, has possibly exacerbated multi-dimensional deprivation, including deprivation of education, in urban areas. The total number of poor and undernourished children living in urban areas has increased since the 1980s (Haddad et al., 1999). Likewise in Delhi & NCR, the number of poor below the poverty line has nearly doubled in just over five years from 1.2 million in 1999/00 to 2.3 millions in 2004/05 (Government of Delhi, 2008)
Due to uncontrolled population growth, poverty is become prior reason to make the current education system insufficient to provide education to all children. As above said the poverty acts as a barrier to accessing and completing a full cycle of quality primary education by three key ways which are:
Education Costs:- There are direct and indirect costs of primary education for children and their families. Direct costs are primarily fees families pay to send their children to school. Other out-of-pocket expenses for items such as books, transportation, school uniforms, school supplies (notebooks, pens, chalk, etc.), food, lodging, and other items are also direct costs. Indirect costs include the value of children’s time and effort, typically measured as foregone earnings. Children’s time is considered a cost because, if not in school or an education program, they could earn an income or perform other activities to help their families.
In economic terms, the value of a child’s time is called an opportunity cost since it is not a direct, out-of-pocket expense. Even though indirect, the opportunity cost of time is a very important cost to consider in evaluating barriers to education.
Child Labor:- Child labor is work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity. It is harmful to the child’s physical and mental development. In its most extreme forms, child labor involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses, and left to fend for themselves usually on the streets of large cities. Child labor may begin at a very early age.
Economic Migration:- Certain forms of human migration create barriers to school access as each one involves the migration of children, sometimes but not always with their families, far from their home communities. Economic migrants or migrant workers are often the result of poverty or the desire to seek out better economic conditions elsewhere. They are people who are engaged in a paid activity in a state of which they are not citizens. Economic migrants may be documented or undocumented migrants.
Against the above facts PSF has designed a project: - OUR PATH TO PROGRESS to facilitate the migrant & poor children for Pre-Primary & Primary Education with Moral & Social awareness.
This Campaign will support 225 children for Pre-primary education, Coaching classes with nutritious mid-day meal for wholesome growth of children
To achieve the expected outcome the campaign will implement in two ways:-
Access to school at destination- Most of the migrant families are regular migrant who live half of the year at worksite. There are also others who may be migrating on every alternate year depending upon livelihood conditions. These families could not enroll their children in to school due to not having any document to be present in the state & due to unexpected schedule to move other state. These children who were too young remains near by the mother & who are above the age of 10 year either engaged as non paid child labours or lowly paid workers. Thus, the children of migrant households get into the unorganized labour market from an early age and get excluded from education, child protection, nutrition, child development and participation opportunities.
Our volunteers enrolled these children at our school provide BALWADI services to children under the age of 3 to 5 years. Volunteers daily organized educational sessions according to Primary education module with moral & social education to children above of 3 years age
Helping hand to education- Along with moving migrant families, NCR has many families migrate from villages to major cities in search livelihood chances and shelter for their families. Most of the men are employed in cities as daily wage earners at industries, societies & wholesale markets. They earn Rs 100 to Rs 120 to take care of their families.
The worst sufferers from these families are children. They want to enrolled in school but poverty, lack of knowledge, undocumented stay hold back them. This project will serve them with free coaching classes & will also focus to enroll deserving candidates to affiliated schools. Due to living under unhygienic conditions most of the time these children fall sick from skin infections, malaria, fever, stomach infections etc. This left them behind in education. Along with hygiene and sanitation awareness , PSF has also planned regular medical check-up camps to control this situation. Children will get wholesome medical care including supplements, spectacles & medicines
1 life has changed as a result of donors' support.